Goal dependence means that all team member is dependent upon one other team members achieving their goals so he or she can perform his or hers.
It also means that the main goal to be performed may be the team goal.
Task interdependence means when one team member doesn’t do his / her job well, a number of of one other team members can’t do their jobs well either
Goal dependence and task interdependence are at the heart of successful team performance. I know they’re fancy descriptions. Don’t be worried about that. The implications are what matter.
The Team Exists
Managers have the responsibility for developing effective teams. Notice that I said “developing” not “building” teams. Even although you have just one employee, you have a team. It doesn’t have to be “built “.It exists. The team, not the average person, is the basic productive unit in your company.
Multiple Team Membership
Each employee would have been a member of at the very least two teams. Managers are usually members of at the very least three: the management team, the team they actually lead and any other team or teams they take part in as a manager.
Team Goals Essential
Our inclination as manager is always to concentrate of individual performance and individual development. That’s what we’ve been taught. SME advice UK This disregards goal dependence and task interdependence. Yet those two essentials are clearly evident in just about any workplace. No area of the business could be really successful without co-operation from other parts. And no individual can succeed with no co-operation of others.
Relevance For Small-Medium Business
In small-medium business, multi-team membership is common, even essential. Employees must connect to many others or “wear many hats” merely because of business size. Rigid, single team membership is far much more likely in large business.
Implications For Managers
The reality of Goal Dependence and Task Interdependence implies that small-medium business managers need to examine numerous things
What teams exist?
Who’s by which teams?
What’re the goals and the performance standards of the different teams?
What’re the crucial interactions between teams?
Are team incentives already in position?
Do employees value teamwork sufficiently highly?
Are they, the managers, effective team leaders?
Do our systems enhance performance both within and between teams?
Is effective team membership element of our staff selection criteria?
In small-medium business effective team performance is essential. In these businesses a breakdown within a team or between teams can have devastating results. And because staff may “wear many hats” poor performance in a single area will invariably have serious consequences in others. Goal Dependence and Task Interdependence may sound somewhat like longwinded jargon. Nevertheless they sum up a fact confronting managers in small-medium business every daily.